Anton Makarenko span>
Anton Makarenko was born (1) on March 13 in 1888 in the city of Sumy Belopole County Kharkov province in the family of a painter wagon railway workshops.
Worked teacher. Became widely known in the early 1920s when he proposed solution to the problem of street children. Prior to that, the problem of street children has been charged with the Cheka, which was on the proven ways to create children's colonies. In the years 1926-1928 Makarenko headed a labor colony Gorky, in the years 1927-1935 — a children's commune name F.Dzerzhinskogo.
Success Makarenko was incredibly inflated by Soviet propaganda, calling it a new word action in pedagogy , confirming the communist myth of the "creation of a new man." It was argued that Makarenko changed the entire world system of education.
As it turned out, this success was due primarily to the personality of the Makarenko, and after his death, nothing of the sort has already achieved no one has. The educational system created by him is beyond the scope of the Soviet Communist pedagogy, as well as the boundaries of the educational experience. In fact, it was not in the then socialist egalitarian sense of the social system, and the business community. Rather, it was the model of joint-participation (although not decorated legally) on the basis of share of all workers.
In a tight censorship thirties Makarenko was able to present all of the major provisions of its educational and social teaching, masking his fictional form of presentation — "March of '30" (1932), "Pedagogical Poem" (1935), " The flags on the towers "(1938), etc. Books were published thanks to the personal involvement of 1173 AM, which could not fail to see the artistic works of weakness, but understood the essence of the proposed system Makarenko, because supported edition.
This model of organization of production in Western countries has become a widely practiced only after the Second World War and had a positive effect in terms of personal motivation of employees, who were not only to be employees for wages, but also the co-owners.
Soviet state apparatus as seen through the essence of the teachings of Makarenko and began deliberately to squeeze out of the teacher education system that He eventually.
In a totalitarian ideological control of the remnants of the educational system Makarenko were also destroyed. And he died suddenly April 1 in 1939.