Alexander Gorchakov span>
Alexander Mikhailovich Gorchakov was born (4) on June 15 in 1798. He was educated at the Tsarskoye Selo Lyceum, he studied with the Pushkin. At the age of 19, the young prince began his diplomatic career at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs with the rank of titular counselor, he held various diplomatic posts in London, Rome, Berlin and Vienna.
Since 1856 — Minister of Foreign Affairs, one of the most prominent leaders of the aggressive foreign policy of imperial late 1850s and 1870s.
In 1856-1863 years sought to lift the restrictions imposed on Russian Paris Peace Treaty of 1856, by a rapprochement with France, but after trying to use the Polish insurrection of 1863 to the detriment of the tsarist Gorchakov turned the course of Russian foreign policy towards rapprochement with Prussia, observing neutrality in its wars against Denmark in 1864, Austria in 1866 and France in 1870-1871.
The defeat of France by Prussia allowed to refuse to declare the Gorchakov Russia from the Treaty of Paris Article limiting its sovereignty in the Black Sea, and recognition of the other powers at an international conference in 1871 in London. The highest stage in the political rapprochement between Russia and Germany and Austria-Hungary was the "League of the Three Emperors" (1873).
intended to use it to establish German hegemony in Europe, but Gorchakov in 1875 secured the refusal of Germany's second attempt to defeat France. For its part, Gorchakov was trying to use the "League of the Three Emperors" for diplomatic preparing a new war against Turkey.
At the same time opened negotiations with Britain. By taking these steps, was provided by the neutrality of the European powers in the Russian-Turkish War of 1877-78.
since 1879 due to health Gorchakov actually moved away from the management of the ministry, and in 1882 he received a formal resignation.
Alexander Mikhailovich Gorchakov had a long and interesting life, and died in Baden-Baden (on February 27) March 11 1883. He was buried in St. Petersburg in the family crypt next to his wife and eldest son.