Torquato Tasso span>
Torquato Tasso, one of the greatest Italian poets of the 16th century, was born March 11 in 1544 in Sorrento. Father Torquato — philologist and poet Bernardo Tasso — was the secretary of the Prince of Salerno. Torquato received an excellent education and a child was at the court. He was a companion of the young son of the Duke of Urbino, and in an atmosphere imbued with the ideals of the court aristocracy.
In Venice Torquato assisted his father in the literary work, and at the same time thinking about the epic stories that could use myself. However, his father sent him to study law at Padua, where the young man was influenced Sh.Gonzaga, S.Speroni and K.Sigonio and a passion for philosophy and literary theory.
At Padua Torquato began to publish his poems, and in 1562 he published his fantastic epic poem "Rinaldo". In 1565, he moved to Ferrara and entered the service of Cardinal Luigi d'Este, the brother of Duke Alfonso II.
In the years 1570-1571 he was court poet Tasso, Duke Alfonso. His love poetry of the time addressed the court ladies. A few weeks later he wrote a pastoral drama "Aminta", which was presented with great success at court. In 1575, Tasso has completed work on the epic poem, which is still considered a masterpiece — "Jerusalem Delivered."
Due surge happened to him emotional distress — he was tormented by the thought of sin, has developed a persecution complex. After several tumultuous nervous breakdowns have concluded in a lunatic asylum, where he spent seven years. However, there were rumors that the reason for imprisonment served not a disease but a love of Tasso, a sister of the Duke Leonora d'Este.
During periods of enlightenment Tasso continued to write lyric poetry and treatises, conversations about literature and philosophy. In 1586 Tasso was released from the hospital and the following years he lived in a few patrons, continuing creative activity.
died Torquato Tasso on April 25 in 1595 in Rome, in the monastery of Sant 'Onofrio.
His literary heritage includes not only the above-mentioned works but also a large number of poems and sonnets, the tragedy "King Torrismondo" religious poem "Seven Days of Creation," the treatise "The arguments about the poetic art».