Yuri F. Lisyansky span>
Yuri F. Lisyansky was born (2) on August 13 in 1773 in the beautiful ancient city in the province of Kiev. His father was a priest Nejinskaya the Church of St. John the Divine. He studied Lisyansky in the Sea Cadet Corps.
He took part in several battles on the frigate "Podrazhislav" under the command of Admiral Greig during the Russian-Swedish war of 1788-1790 years. After the war he continued service in the British Navy, until 1800 interned in England, made several trips, including to India.
At home, he returned as commander of the sloop "Neva", under the command of made the first in the Russian history of world travel. Sam Krusenstern commanded a ship "Hope." During this expedition, was discovered and named for Lisiansky one of the Hawaiian Islands.
In 1803 Lisyansky and Krusenstern became the first Russian explorers who crossed the equator, in February 1804 the ships "Neva" and "Hope" found in the Pacific Ocean. Here Lisyansky headed to Easter Island with the intention to investigate in detail the coast, nature and people.
In the years 1804-1805 Lisyansky with his co-driver D.Kalininym researched Kodiak Island in Russian America and the Alexander Archipelago. As a result of this expedition were discovered islands and Kruzova Chichagova.
autumn 1805 Lisyansky with his team on the way to the port of Macao in China opened the reef and reef Neva Krusenstern. From Macau sloops "Neva" and "Hope" went to Canton, where proceeded to Kronstadt, where he completed the first Russian circumnavigation of the world.
Lisyansky awarded the title of captain of the first rank. Soon after, he resigned because of the failure of financial assistance for the publication of his own book, "Journey around the world in the years 1803-1806 on the ship" Neva "».
Yuri F. Lisyansky died in St. Petersburg ( February 22) March 6 in 1837, was buried in the Necropolis of Artists of the Alexander Nevsky Monastery. One of his sons — Plato, followed his father and became a naval officer, and rose to the rank of Admiral.
In honor Lisiansky named — an island he discovered in the north-western part of the Hawaiian islands, a peninsula on the northern Sea of ??Okhotsk and the mountain on Sakhalin. RF Government Decree of 10 July 2001 headstone grave Yuri Lisiansky defined as an object of historical and cultural heritage of the federal (national) values.