Gregor Mendel span>
Gregor Mendel was born on July 22 in 1822 Heyntsendorfe (Austria-Hungary, now Ginchitse, Czech Republic). In 1843 he graduated from the philosophical classes at the University of Olmutz, and became a monk Augustinian Monastery of St.. Thomas in Brunn (Austria, now Brno, Czech Republic). He served as assistant pastor, taught natural history and physics in high school.
In the years 1851-1853, Mendel was a volunteer at the University of Vienna, where he studied physics, chemistry, mathematics, zoology, botany and paleontology. On his return to Brunn worked as an assistant teacher in high school until 1868, when he became the abbot of the monastery.
In 1856 Mendel began his experiments on crossing different varieties of peas, differing by a single, well-defined criteria (eg, shape and color of the seeds).
Law of independent segregation of characters, now known as Mendel's Law, marked the beginning of a new direction in biology — Mendelism, which became the foundation of genetics.
Mendel himself, after unsuccessful attempts to obtain similar results when crossing other plants stopped experiments and the end of life engaged in beekeeping, gardening, and meteorological observations.
Mendel died in Brunn (Austria-Hungary) January 6 1884 .