Nicholas I

Nicholas I
Nicholas I, Emperor of Russia from 1825, was born (on June 25) July 6 in 1796. The third of five sons of Emperor Paul, Grand Duke Nikolai Pavlovich could not count on the throne, and it left an imprint on his upbringing and education.

Militarized atmosphere of St. Petersburg with defined the early years of fascination with Nicholas military affairs, especially when it came to the outer, the front side. The political system of the views of Nicholas differed pronounced conservative, anti-liberal orientation.

In 1817, the wedding of the Princess of Prussia Nicholas, received after conversion to Orthodoxy name . The following spring, their first born son, Alexander (the future emperor ).

In 1819, Emperor Alexander told his brother and his wife that the official heir to the throne, Grand Duke Konstantin Pavlovich intends to renounce his rights, so the heir to become Nicholas as the next most senior brother. Nicholas shook the message, he felt his unwillingness to accept delivery of government. Neither his education nor outlook that did not match.

The unexpected death of Alexander has revealed the complexity and ambiguity of the current dynastic situation. On the day of the oath of Nicholas (14) December 26 1825 {event-occurred in 1865 Decembrist uprising} {/ event}. The fate of Nicholas hung in the balance, but he managed to quell the rebellion, showing determination and ruthlessness characteristic of him in a moment of danger.

Nicholas main purpose of his reign, considered the struggle with ubiquitous revolutionary spirit, and his whole life is subordinated to this goal. Russia became the object of fear, hatred and ridicule in the eyes of the liberal part of European public opinion, and he gained a reputation Nicholas gendarme of Europe.

The reign of Nicholas I ran the biggest foreign policy disaster. The Crimean War of 1853-1856 demonstrated organizational and technical backwardness of Russia from Western powers, led to its political isolation. Severe psychological shock of military defeat undermined the health of the emperor.

Nicholas I died (February 18) March 2 in 1855.

The image of Nicholas I in later literature acquired largely odious character. The Emperor appeared as a symbol of stupid reaction and obscurantism, which obviously does not take into account the diversity of his personality.