Alexander Borodin span>
Alexander Borodin was born (October 31) November 12 in 1833 in St. Petersburg. His parents — 62-year-old Georgian prince of the family of princes Imereti and 25-year-old Evdokia Antonov — were not married. At birth, he was the son of a serf recorded servants Prince — Porphyry Ionovich Borodin and his wife Tatiana G..
Up to seven years, the boy was a serf of his father, who before his death in 1840, gave his son his freedom and bought a four-storey house He and Evdokia Konstantinovny, married to the military doctor Kleyneke. The mores of the first half of the XIX century did not allow extramarital affairs, so the names of the parents and the community were hiding the boy as his nephew were Evdokia Konstantinovny.
Because of origin, which did not allow to go to school, Borodin took home teaching in all subjects gymnasium course, learned German and French and has received an excellent education. Even as a child discovered musical talent. At the age of 10 years, became interested in chemistry.
Medikohirurgicheskuyu He graduated from the Academy (1856) in St. Petersburg. Chemistry in the future along with the music became his life's work: Borodin prepared, conducted and published 21 chemical research. His name in chemistry can be put together with the names of the largest first-class scientists in Western Europe.
Artistic heritage Borodin, who combined research and teaching activities with the ministry of art, is relatively small in size, but has made a valuable contribution to the treasury of Russian classical music.
He is considered one of the founders of classical genres symphonies and quartets in Russia. The most significant work of Borodin is rightly recognized as the opera "Prince Igor", which is a sample of the national heroic epic in music. He worked on it for 18 years and did not have time to complete. It was finished in 1052 Rimsky-Korsakov and after Borodin's death.
Alexander Borodin died (15) February 27 in 1887 in St. Petersburg.