Nikolai Ge span>
The fate of his paintings evolved dramatically. Picture of "Mercy" (1880), he destroyed. The painting "The output from the Last Supper" (1889) was one of the best works of Russian art of the time, but it has criticized the church censorship. Painting "What is truth? Christ and Pilate "(1890) was removed from the show for blasphemy in the image of Christ. Painting "Golgotha" (1892) Gay is not finished, and the audience saw her only after his death.
Nikolai Ge was born (15) on February 27 in 1831 in the family of the landlord in Voronezh. To train Nikolai first chose Physics and Mathematics, having studied for a year at the University of Kiev and the year in St. Petersburg.
«Saul at Endor sorceress" But thrust to the painting and the natural talent to have its say. He enrolled at the Academy of Fine Arts, where he studied for seven years, and in 1857 for his film "Saul at Endor sorceress" received a gold medal, the title of the class artist grade 1 and the right of foreign pensionerstvo.
In six years, the Director visited Germany, Switzerland, France, and in 1860 settled in Italy. He worked tirelessly: portraits, landscapes, and made sketches of historical pictures from the life of ancient Rome and the Middle Ages.
«The Last Supper" in St. Petersburg, he back in 1863 with the painting "The Last Supper". The painting was clearly outside the canons of academic, but she liked the , and it was acquired by the emperor. Such success could not help noting Academy of Arts, assigning the title of Professor Nikolai Ge historical and portrait painting.
The next year, Kye again went to Italy and spent the next several years, while continuing to work on the evangelical scenes, landscapes and portraits.
He returned to St. Petersburg in 1870, having joined the artistic, social, and spiritual life of the capital. In Search of Gay themes appeals to national history. The painting "Peter I Interrogating the Tsarevich Alexei Petrovich at Peterhof" (1871) again brought him success. But the artist and the failure occurred, he was very upset. One time, he even gave up the brush and began farming.
«Peter I Interrogating the Tsarevich Alexei Petrovich Peterhof "At the turn of the 1870s and 1880s Gay returned to art. From now on, his work prevailed Gospel themes. The exception, he did just for portraits. Among his portrait work, became very famous textbook image contemporary writers — Saltykov-Shchedrin, Nekrasov (both 1872), Leo Tolstoy (1884).
arts Kye has undergone dramatic changes. It acquired a feverish and frightening emotion, which then gave the right to call him a precursor of Expressionism.
(1) on June 13 in 1894 the artist died on his farm.