Alexander Scriabin span>
Alexander Nikolayevich Scriabin was born (December 25 in 1871) January 6 in 1872 in Moscow, the son of a diplomat. Lost his mother and his aunt took on education, gave the boy his first lessons of music.
It stretched from infancy to the sounds of a grand piano. And in the three years already spent hours at the piano, treating him as a living being. After graduating from the Moscow Conservatory, Alexander began to give concerts and teach, but the pursuit of a composer was stronger. He began to write, and his works are immediately included in the repertoire of other pianists.
Was the end of the 19th century, rooted in the past old way of life. Felt the approach of change, social unrest and historical upheaval, which often happens when changing eras. Some bumped into eastern mysticism, and others — in the symbolism, the third — in the revolutionary romanticism, who are in that ... It seems that never before in one generation not born so much in different fields of art. Scriabin also remained true to himself. "Art should be festive, — he said — should raise, charm».
And in fact, his music has been so bold, new and unusual that the execution of its "Second Symphony» March 21 in 1903 in Moscow has become a natural scandal. Someone admired, someone stomped and whistled ... But Scriabin was not embarrassed: he felt himself the Messiah, the herald of a new religion — art. He believed in its transformative power. He thought then fashionable planetary scale.
Scriabin's mystical philosophy is reflected in his musical language, especially in innovative harmonies, far beyond the boundaries of traditional tonality. Symphonic score his "Poem of Fire" ("Prometheus", 1909-1910) includes a light keyboard. Searchlight beams of different colors should be rotated on the screen in sync with the changes in tonality, chords. This was the first time in the history of music, although the relationship of musical sound and color set by the ancient Greeks.
The final product was the mystery of Scriabin "Preliminary action for soloists, chorus and orchestra," which according to the author's intention was to unite humanity . Scriabin dreamed of a new synthetic genre, which will merge not only sounds and colors, but also the smells and plastic dance. But the idea has remained unfinished.
Alexander Scriabin died in Moscow (14) April 27 in 1915 of the total blood poisoning, which comes from the paltry abscess on his upper lip ... His life, the life genius was short and bright.