Frederick Banting span>
Frederick Grant Banting was born November 14 in 1891 in Allison (Ontario). As a child, he played sports and was fond of drawing and painting. In an effort to meet the expectations of parents who wanted his son to be a priest in 1912, he joined the Faculty of Theology, University of Toronto, but at the end of the same year, he realized that he was actually interested in medicine, he transferred to the University Medical School.
When the First World War, in 1915, he enlisted in the ranks of the medical corps of the Royal Canadian Army. However, he was sent back to medical school and a year later he finished it. After the war he returned to Toronto and worked for two years as a surgeon in a children's hospital. Soon Bunting took the offer to take the post of assistant professor at the medical school of the University of Western Ontario. At the same time he was engaged in research under the guidance of a neurophysiologist FR Miller.
Bunting's childhood friend died of the disease, now known as diabetes mellitus. This tragic incident provided an opportunity that made Bunting to seek funds for the treatment of this disease. Banting, Best, and Macleod, together they address the issue. The research led to the isolation of insulin. A leading role in research played Bunting. In late 1922, a new drug appeared on the drug market.
The same year Banting wrote his doctoral thesis on the results of their research and the University of Toronto received the degree of Doctor of Medicine. He gained international fame.
Banting and Macleod shared the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1923 "for the discovery of insulin." Enraged by the fact that among the winners was not Best, Banting had threatened to abandon the awards, but, heeding the advice, did not do so. He gave half the money he received Best, publicly stating the contribution of the latter to the discovery of insulin. The members of the Nobel Committee, later came to a confidential opinion that Besta should include among the awardees.
Died Frederick Banting 22 February in 1941 in Newfoundland.
In recognition Bunting World Diabetes Day celebrated his birthday — November 14.