Bela Kun

Bela Kun
Bela Kun, a prominent figure in the international communist movement, was born February 20 in 1886 in the town of Siladcheh in Austria-Hungary, the son of a clerk. He studied at the University of Kolozhvarskom. In 1902 he became a member of the Social Democratic Party of Hungary.

Under the leadership of Kuhn in 1905 in certain industrial facilities Transylvania broke the strike. In Kolozhvari strike led to bloody clashes with police. For his part in strike activities Kuhn was sentenced to 2.5 years in prison. After his release in 1908, Kuhn is involved in the leadership of the Social Democratic Party and the trade union movement in Kolozhvari in the organization of the labor movement among the miners Zhilveld.

In 1913, acting as a delegate to the congress. In the First World War Kun fought on the side of Austria-Hungary, was captured by Russian troops.

As a prisoner of war, he was sent to the Urals, where the final shape as a staunch communist. In captivity Kong, in addition to German and English thoroughly studied Russian language. In 1916, he joined the RSDLP, and since 1917 has worked in the Tomsk Party organization.

In 1918, the group formed the Hungarian Communist Party (Bolshevik) and organized communist groups that were party Guard. He fought in the Civil War against the German invaders, the Czechoslovak Corps, Whites . Actively writing articles in "Pravda" and "Izvestia". Personally participated in the executions of class enemies in Siberia. Known as the bloody communist executioner.

Since May 1918, he was chairman of the Federation of foreign groups of the RCP (B.). In 1920 he was a member of the Revolutionary Military Council of the Southern Front. In 1921-1923, he worked in senior positions in the party organization in the Urals.

In 1921, he was a member of the Executive Committee of the Comintern and the head of illegal work, the chairman of the Hungarian Communist Party. Since 1928, permanently residing in the Soviet Union, being an active member of the Communist International.

In 1938, Bela Kun was arrested and November 30 in 1939 shot. Rehabilitated posthumously.