Empress Elizabeth Petrovna span>
Elizabeth, daughter of Peter and Catherine, born (18) December 29 1709 .
Since childhood, Elizabeth enjoyed the love and care of his father, soon learned to read, taught French, the foundations of history and geography. According to the character was cheerful, good-natured and quick-tempered and moody at the same time. More than anything, she loved secular entertainment: balls, dancing, hunting, masquerades. Elizabeth was reputed to be the most beautiful woman of the time.
In the reign of Elizabeth's position was complicated because the Empress was jealous of her beauty, and saw it as a dangerous political rival. At the same time, she enjoyed great sympathy for the residents of St. Petersburg, especially Guards officers and soldiers, who saw in it the successor of Peter the Great — and they brought it to power (November 25) December 6 in 1741, having made under its control coup.
The circumstances of the accession to the throne reflected throughout the reign of Elizabeth. He declared a policy of return to the legacy of Peter the Great, in particular, the role of the Senate restored and some other central institutions. The Cabinet was abolished, was the work of invisible Secret Office has increased the value of the Synod and the clergy.
During the reign of Elizabeth had founded the first Russian banks, reformed taxation, will improve the financial situation of the country, was developed heavy industry. In social policy, the line continued expansion of the rights of the nobility. Abolished the death penalty.
In his reign of Elizabeth public affairs almost not engaged, to entrust them to my favorites — Lestok, brothers Razumovsky, , Vorontsov, AP Bestuzhev-Rumin, who held all important government posts.
In the late 1740s — early 1750s, at the initiative of PI had been a number of serious reforms, the most important of which was the abolition in 1754 of internal customs. This has led to a significant revival of trade relations between the different regions of the country.
Elizabeth loved art, music, theater, contributed to the development of science. At the time of her reign, the heyday of MV, opening in 1755 Moscow University, and in 1760 — the Academy of Fine Arts, the institution of the first Russian theater FG Volkov, the creation of outstanding cultural monuments, including the the construction of the Winter Palace . Also, when Elizabeth was reorganized military schools, expanded the network of primary schools, opened the first school, in Moscow (1755) and Kazan (1758). In foreign policy, the Government of Elizabeth adhered to the principles of Peter the Great.
From the point of view of Russian historiography of Elizabeth was not a great empress, but different (for the better) from or Paul, being a continuer of the Petrine tradition and change. Although she was a lover of revelry, the favorites, but even that does not harm the state, as her favorites were the Russian people and act for the good of the state.
died Empress Elizabeth (December 25 in 1761) January 5 in 1762 in St. Petersburg.