Knut Hamsun span>
Knut Hamsun was born August 4 in 1859 in the family of the village tailor. His real name — Pedersen. In nine years, he worked in the office of his uncle, and in 1873 began the years of wandering, during which time he changed a lot of lessons.
His first book appeared in 1877, but only after he had lived in the United States (1882-1884 and 1886-1888) and settled in Copenhagen, it drew attention.
saw the light in 1890, the novel "Hunger" was a sensation entirely new interpretation of the theme. Hamsun did not blame society: in the spirit of and A.Strindberga, he earnestly portrayed aestheticized and irrational processes in the brain of a starving man.
Other works of this period include "Pan" trilogy and "Under the Autumn Star", "The Wanderer, who plays the sly" and "The Last joy." Neo-romantic revolt against civilization led to his "return to nature" ideologically and in practice.
After leaving wandering, Hamsun in 1911 chose a gentleman-farmer's life, he created his best novel, "Juice of the earth" (1917), an epic simple life, which brought him the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1920 year, and international recognition in the turbulent years after the First World War.
However, the rejection of Hamsun industrial-democratic civilization was the cause of his sympathy for the Nazis in the 1930s, and put him in the Second World War, in line with the enemies of the homeland. After the war, he was put on trial for treason.
Hamsun escaped jail because of old age, lived for some time in a nursing home, a survey was sent to a psychiatric clinic in Oslo, and in 1950 he returned to his estate near Nerholm Grimstad in southern Norway, where died 19 February in 1952.