Svante Arrhenius

Svante Arrhenius
Svante August Arrhenius was born 19 February in 1859 on the estate of Wake, near Uppsala. Already a boy Arrhenius gladly add the numbers in the reports of his father, who was an inspector at Uppsala University. In three years, he learned to read. A little later, he attended the Cathedral School in Uppsala, where he showed exceptional ability in biology, physics and mathematics.

At the age of 8 years Arrhenius arrives at the Cathedral School in Uppsala. In 1876, after graduating from college, comes to the University of Uppsala. After two years, received a bachelor of science. In 1881, he moved to Stockholm and continued his studies in the Institute of Physics of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences. It specializes in the study of the Arrhenius conductivity of electrolytes.

He conducts research that lead to the conclusion that the conductivity of the solution at a dilution increases. On the basis of experimental data Arrhenius formulates the theory of electrolytic dissociation, which is now called the theory of Arrhenius. The novelty of his theory was that he assumed decay (dissociation) of electrolytes in solution in the absence of any external forces.

In defense of the dissertation, the theory of Arrhenius was made very cold. But despite this, many European scholars interested in it, especially the famous German chemist Wilhelm Ostwald. He helped lift the theory of Arrhenius law dilution, named after him.

In 1903, Arrhenius became the first Swedish scientist who received the Nobel Prize in Chemistry "in recognition of its special significance for the theory of electrolytic dissociation of chemistry."

In 1905, Svante, resigned and left the University of Stockholm, and was later appointed director of the physico-chemical Nobel Institute in Stockholm, and remained in that post until his death.

Died Svante Arrhenius 2 October in 1927 in Stockholm.