Alexander Pushkin

Alexander Pushkin
Alexander Sergeyevich Pushkin was born (May 26) on June 6 in 1799 in Moscow.

From an early age, Pushkin was brought up in a literary environment. His father was a lover of literature, had a large library, an uncle was a poet. House Pushkin visited , , Dmitriev.

Since 1811 began to study at the Tsarskoye Selo Lyceum, which played a major role in the development identity of Pushkin. Lyceum friends — , , Anton Delvig always remained faithful to the poet and close friends. In the Lyceum Pushkin began writing poetry in 1814 published the first poem "To a friend of the poet."

After Alexander Lyceum in 1817, he moved to St. Petersburg and was enlisted in the service of the College of Foreign Affairs. He moved in a secular society, in a literary environment, attending dances and theaters. In 1820 he graduated from the poem "Ruslan and Lyudmila" — the first major work.

For epigrams, spreads quickly in St. Petersburg, Pushkin in 1820 was sent to the southern link. He lived in Yekaterinoslav Chisinau and Odessa. During this period he wrote a romantic southern poem "Prisoner of the Caucasus", "The Fountain of Bakhchisarai," "Brothers robbers", and in 1823 he began work on novel in verse "Eugene OneginĀ».

In 1824, Alexander was sent to the northern link to the estate of the parents Mikhailovskoe. There he continued to work on the "Eugene Onegin", wrote of "Boris Godunov", a poem. His friends came to visit, Pushkin had a conversation. There caught him the news of the Decembrist uprising, which was attended by many friends of the poet, and of their execution.

In 1826 Nicholas called Pushkin in Moscow, promising protection. But the freedom given to the king, was short-lived. Already in 1828 the State Council issued a decree on the supervision of the Pushkin.

In 1830, Alexander wooed by Natalia Goncharova. Before his marriage he moved to the estate in Boldin, which was forced to stay because of the quarantine. This period in Pushkin called boldins — from the pen of the poet left many works of various genres.

May 15 1831 Pushkin married and moved to St. Petersburg. During these years he worked in the archives, written works on historical themes. It's "Dubrovsky", "The Captain's Daughter," "History of Pugachev." Pushkin spoke with Belinsky, Gogol, with the artists.

(on January 27) February 8 1837 {event-Pushkin 198} shot himself in a duel with Dantes { / event}, was mortally wounded and died (on January 29) on February 10 in the house on the Moika.