Peter I

Peter I
Peter A. I, the Moscow tsar of the Romanov dynasty, Emperor of Russia from 1721, the man who formed the main directions of development of the Russian state in the 18th century, was born (May 30) June 9 in 1672 in the Terem Palace of the Kremlin.

Since 1677 to 1680 years, little Peter was trained to read and write at the clerk Zotov. In 1682 took place the proclamation of 10-year-old Peter and his brother Ivan kings. Peter himself was to govern the state with 1689. In 1697 Peter I went by the name of Peter Mikhailov in Europe's "Grand Embassy", studied gunnery in Prussia, he worked in the shipyards in the Netherlands.

May 27 in 1703, Peter began construction of the Peter and Paul Fortress, c which began the city of St. Petersburg, in 1712, became the capital of Russia. King of active to implement reforms, who had to overcome a significant gap between Russia and the leading countries of the world. In 1711, he established the Senate instead of the Boyar Duma. After the victory in the Great Northern War in 1721, Peter I is the Emperor of all the Russias.

Peter formed a regular army and navy in Russia, introduced conscription in 1705 and compulsory service for the nobility. He participated in the creation of the Martial (1716) and the Marine Charter (1720). Under Peter I opened the first Russian museum — Curiosities, {event-created 196 Russian Academy of Sciences} {/ event}, and many educational institutions.

({Day- January 28 1-28} {/ day}) February 8 in 1725 in St. Petersburg, the first Russian emperor Peter I died and was buried in the Peter and Paul Fortress.

Interestingly, the date of Peter's death coincides with the day of the death of his father — Alexis (as seen in the new style).