Salvador Luria span>
El Salvador Edward Luria was born on August 13 in 1912 in Turin, Italy. In 1929 he entered the University of Turin in the Faculty of Medicine. In 1935, he graduated with honors with a degree of Doctor of Medicine. After graduating from the University for three years as a medical officer in the Italian Army troops. After demobilization, he went to Paris to work at the Radium Institute.
It was at that time interested in Luria bacteriophages (varieties of viruses that infect bacterial cells). He began a series of experiments on the irradiation of bacteriophage X-rays, trying to cause genetic mutations phages. During the second world he emigrated to the United States, where he joined the College of Physicians and Surgeons of Columbia University in New York.
Soon met with Max Delbr?ck, a molecular biologist at Vanderbilt University. They found that independently conduct similar research. Luria and Delbruck decided to do a series of joint experiments. In 1943, they presented the scientific community fluctuation method of analysis of the results, based on the theory of probability and mathematical statistics.
In the same year, Luria and Delbruck acquainted with Alfred Hershey, a microbiologist at the University of Washington. It was found that independently Delbruck and Hershey discovered the phenomenon of gene recombination and genetic exchange between different lines bacteriophages.
Later Luria continued his studies and in 1950 became professor of bacteriology, University of Illinois, in 1959 — head of the department of bacteriology at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in Cambridge, and six years later he — Visiting Professor at the Institute of Biological Research Salk.
In 1969, Luria (with Hershey and Delbr?ck) won the Nobel Prize "for their discoveries concerning the replication mechanism and the genetic structure of viruses." And it's not the only achievement — he winner of various awards, a member of the National Academy of Sciences and a number of different companies.
Died Luria February 6 in 1991 in Lexington, Kentucky.