Vsevolod Meyerhold

Vsevolod Meyerhold
Vsevolod Meyerhold (real name — Carl Theodor Kazimir Meyergold) was born (on January 28) February 9 in 1874 in Penza, a Russified German family that brought up eight children — Karl had five brothers and two sisters. Mother lead children to the theater. Carl and his brothers played in amateur theatricals.

Gymnasium course completed late three times while remaining in the second year. At 21, he converted to Orthodoxy and changed his own name to Vsevolod; refused Prussian citizenship and received a Russian passport with the name "Meyerhold", as recommended by the Russian grammar. In 1896, he married his childhood sweetheart Olga Munt.

He studied at the Theatre and Music School of the Moscow Philharmonic Society in the class of 1510 Nemirovich-Danchenko. After graduation he entered into the company created the Moscow Art Theatre. Meyerhold played many great roles in the plays of Shakespeare, Tolstoy, Chekhov.

In 1902 he began his independent work as a director. He made numerous plays, collaborated with and .

After the October Revolution, Meyerhold was one of the most active builders of a new Soviet theater. The first of the prominent figures of the theater became a member of the CPSU (b). Instructor led training courses for mastery of stage productions and acting schools. He became friends with , putting him in Petrograd "Mystery-Bouffe┬╗.

Fall of 1921 in the studio of Meyerhold came . The director fell in love with her at first sight, though he was older than her twenty years. Reich became the wife of Meyerhold, and he adopted her children from his marriage to .

Meyerhold regularly traveled abroad, where he toured with the theater or treated. He visited Germany, France, England, Italy and Czechoslovakia. In autumn 1928 he asked permission to the theater one-year tour in Germany and France. I suspect that Meyerhold's going to leave the Soviet Union. Hounding Meyerhold. For a while it supported the Stanislavsky, but after his death, Meyerhold was deprived of this support.

In 1939, he was arrested on charges that he had been recruited to participate in the anti-Soviet activity in 1922.

February 2 1940 Vsevolod Meyerhold was shot. Rehabilitated in 1955.