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Winston Churchill, British statesman and politician, was born on November 30 in 1874 to a noble family of the Dukes of Marlborough, at the family estate of Blenheim Palace.
At 8 years the boy was sent to a preparatory school in St. George. But soon transferred to the school nurses Thomson in Brighton. While studying at the "army class» Harrow School, Churchill became interested in fencing and became a champion of the school.
In 1893, Winston entered the third attempt in one of the most prestigious military academies — Royal Military College at Sandhurst. He graduated from Churchill College at the rank of second lieutenant and began serving in the Royal Hussars.
In 1896, the military correspondent for Daily Graphic, he travels to Cuba. Here he published his famous passion for Cuban cigars. After that, a few more trips to "hot spots" and even a reporter he was a prisoner.
In 1900, the start of Churchill's political career, he became a member of parliament from Lancashire. 4 years later won election to the House of Commons by the Liberal party. In 1908, Churchill headed the Board of Internal Trade and the internal affairs of the state, and a few years in the First World War — the British navy. Churchill at the same time creates the Air Force of Great Britain.
Another series of reforms Churchill holds after the war, as Secretary of State for Military Affairs. With the start of the Second World again appoint Lord of the Admiralty. After the resignation of Chamberlain, Churchill becomes Prime Minister.
Churchill fairly lukewarm about the policy of the USSR and supported NATO. I wonder what it was he who catch phrase "iron curtain».
He went down in history as the most brilliant British English politician of the 20th century, who was in power during the reign of six monarchs — from Queen Victoria to her great-great-granddaughter of Elizabeth II. All his life achievements is difficult to list — he was all over the talented and successful. For his contribution to literature Winston Churchill received the Nobel Prize, but for political gains was made an honorary citizen of the United States.
He managed to take part in the fighting in Sudan, was present at the trial of the atomic bomb, which has become a major threat to the postwar world. With its constant bowler, cane and cigar, Churchill was the perfect diplomat, artist and even as a gardener in his garden at Chartwell. His paintings were regularly exhibited at the Royal Academy, and in 1958 there was a personal exhibition of the works of Sir Winston Churchill.
In 1955, Churchill departed from politics, lived in tranquility ten years.
on January 24 in 1965 the greatest man of the century passed away. Winston Churchill was buried in his native Oxfordshire.
According to a survey conducted in 2002 by BBC, he is regarded as the most outstanding in British history.