Ilya Mazuruk span>
Ilya Mazuruk, a Soviet polar aviator, Hero of the Soviet Union, Air Force Major General, was born (7) July 20 in 1906 in the city of Brest-Litovsk, in a working class family. In the 1920s he lived in Lipetsk, he worked as an assistant engineer of the Lipetsk plant, was secretary of the Komsomol organization. By Komsomol went to military aircraft.
In 1928, he graduated from the Leningrad military-theoretical school of the Air Force, then a military air force pilot school in Boris Gleb. In 1930 he worked as a pilot of the Civil Air Fleet (CAF) in Kazakhstan, taking part in the fight against Basmachis. Since 1932 — commander of the Civil Air Fleet in the Far East. One of the first mastered the skyway NSRA, including Sakhalin and Kamchatka.
Flew in Polar Aviation, as the commander of the aircraft involved in the landing of the first drifting research station "North Pole-1". For courage and heroism in the performance of this task, received the title of Hero of the Soviet Union and the Order of Lenin.
In the years 1938-1947 — Head of Polar Aviation NSRA. In 1939, he graduated from advanced training commanders at the Air Force Academy . He took part in the Russo-Finnish and the Great Patriotic War as commander of the bomber, carried out combat missions.
After the war, in the years 1947-1953 Ilya Mazuruk — Deputy Head of Research and Test Institute of CAF. He then worked in the NSRA, made 254 flight drifting station. He was commander of the first flight unit naval expedition to Antarctica. In January 1956, the first aircraft landed at the An-2 on the tip of the iceberg in Antarctica.
Died Ilya Mazuruk on January 2 in 1989. He was buried in Moscow on Troyekurovskoye cemetery.