Anatoly Lunacharsky span>
Anatoly Lunacharsky was born (11) November 23 in 1875 in Poltava. High-school education took place in Kiev. At that time, joined the illegal Marxist organization. After finishing high school, he entered the University of Zurich in Switzerland.
After graduating from university, Anatoly returns to Russia. He lives in Moscow, where he is actively involved in promoting the ideas of Marxism. In 1899, he was arrested and sent into exile in Kaluga. Later, he was exiled to Vologda and then Tot'ma.
In 1904, his exile ended and he moved to Kiev. And from Kiev — to Geneva, where he began working in the offices of the Bolshevik newspaper "Forward" and "proletarian."
In October 1905, he was again in Russia, and is one of the leaders of the revolutionary propaganda. Arrested again, but running and hiding abroad.
After the February Revolution of 1917, Lunacharsky returned to Russia. He was elected a member of the First All-Russian Congress of Soviets of the RNC, who worked for the newspaper "New Life", "Proletariat" and the journal "Education».
Fall of 1917, he was appointed chairman of the cultural and educational section and deputy city of Petrograd head.
During the October Revolution, his views coincided with those of the coalition of Zinoviev, Kamenev and Rykov. Lunacharsky opposes the policy and , leading, in his opinion, to terror. During the Civil War, a representative of the Revolutionary Military Council is working in the frontal zone.
Later he was appointed People's Commissar of Education. In 1929 he became chairman of the Academic Committee of the USSR Central Executive Committee. In the 30 years of the 20th century — Director of the Institute of Literature and Art.
Lunacharskii played for the romanization of the Russian language. Written numerous theater plays, "Royal barber", "Five farces for lovers", "Babel stick", "Faust and the City," "Oliver Cromwell". It is also known as a translator and memoirist.
In 1933, he was sent to the Soviet ambassador to Spain, but not reaching, died December 26 in the French resort of Menton.