Giovanni Lorenzo Bernini

Giovanni Lorenzo Bernini
A great work of Gian Lorenzo Bernini, which struck his contemporaries grandiose ideas and the courage of their implementation, has had a great impact on all European art ages 17-18.

Giovanni Lorenzo Bernini was born in Naples December 7 in 1598 in the family of the sculptor and painter Pietro Bernini. He was seven years old when the family moved to Rome. Giovanni soon began independent work — his first job is to 1608. At eighteen, he created a sculpture "Apollo and Daphne."

Apollo and Daphne His early work " Rape of Proserpine "and" David "brought him fame. In 1622, he received an honorary Order of Christ. He became famous as a master of sculptural portraits. Produced busts of Cardinal Borghese and his muse Buonarelli.

Bernini was a multifaceted personality. It creates a new canon sculpture court (the bust of Duke Francesco d'Este and Louis XIV); interested in painting and drawing, cartoons was known to his contemporaries, wrote forty comedies and studied directing home performances.

He did a lot for the theater world as a stage artist and engineer who designed many stage applications and special effects.

Ecstasy of St. Theresa Giovanni Bernini was the favorite Vatican, especially Pope Urban VIII and Alexander VII. Through this church received the most expensive orders. In 1629, Bernini was invited to build St. Peter's Basilica in Rome, and became its chief architect. One of his main works — a magnificent ensemble of St. Peter's Square (1657-1663). In the same period, Bernini created his famous sculpture — "The Ecstasy of St. Teresa."

In general, the architect has played a very important role in shaping the architectural appearance of Rome — in his drawings built many secular buildings and fountains. Bernini worked in France, where he created the designs of the new facade design of the monument and the Louvre .

Giovanni Bernini died November 12 by 82-year life in Rome.