Ivan Shuvalov


Ivan Ivanovich Shuvalov was born (1) November 12 in 1727 to a wealthy noble family. Was educated at home. And who knows what would have happened to him if it were not for the protection of families — because of that he was in the royal court ...

... At the end of 1749 at the Empress of forty has a new favorite, Ivan Ivanovich Shuvalov. At that time he was about 22 years old. According to rumors, this relationship was not to last long, all waiting for the same will take place Shuvalov new young people. But the court oracles were wrong.

Soon it became clear that Ivan Shuvalov different from other young people. This notice and the Grand Duchess Catherine A., future . She was impressed by his intelligence, desire to learn, besides, Ivan was helpful, shy, considerate, and not bad-looking physique was different ...

Ivan exceeded all expectations — he not only became a favorite of the Empress Elizabeth, and remained so until his her death. In the long history of this connection has its own mystery.

Shuvalov needed aging Elizabeth: next to a beautiful young she felt young again. However, this is just one of the reasons for the extraordinary attachment to the Empress Shuvalov. She quickly recognized his truly golden character.

Ivan, contrary to the hopes of his brothers, has shown no greed, no arrogance in grasping wealth, land titles and positions. Although the possibility of it were huge — at the end of the life of Empress Shuvalov was the only one of its rapporteur. He prepared the texts of the decrees and declared the dignitaries of the solution. As for himself, he did not learn anything useful.

In 1750 Shuvalov had a significant impact on domestic and foreign policy of Russia, contributed to the development of Russian science and art, patronized scholars, writers and artists. Among other things, he supported many initiatives . Under his auspices in 1755, Moscow University was founded, and in 1757 the Academy of Fine Arts.

After the reign of Catherine II Shuvalov was sent abroad (officially — in the release of "sick"), and remained there from 1763 to 1777 years. There he held a number of diplomatic assignments Russian government, simultaneously engaged in collecting art collection. Later, he gave his collection of the Academy of Fine Arts and the Hermitage.

Back in Russia, in political life is not actively involved. Died (14) Nov. 25 in 1797 in St. Petersburg.