Didier Ratsiraka span>
Didier Ratsiraka was born November 4 1936 in Vatumandri, the son of the governor of the province of Tamatave (Madagascar).
He graduated naval education, he studied in France from 1960 to 1969. He graduated from the Institute of Communications Engineering and Higher Naval School in Toulon. At the same time, he served in the Navy in Madagascar, and after graduation he was promoted to captain 3rd rank and became a military attach? at the Embassy of Madagascar in France.
The government Ramanantsua in 1972, he served as Minister of Foreign Affairs and advocated the independence of Madagascar. In early 1975, Ratsiraka is a military directorate and heads the Malagasy Socialist Revolution. And in December of that year, Didier Ratsiraka was almost unanimously elected president of the new republic.
During the reign of the Ratsiraka regime establishes a one-party government and strikes up a friendly relationship with the Soviet Union. Then he was re-elected three more times for the presidency in 1982, 1989 and 1997.
In the presidential election in 1993 Ratsiraka left the race in the 2nd round, losing to chair the oppositionist Albert Zafy. At the next election he won a rematch, but could not hold the presidency in 2001 did not receive the required number of votes. In 2002, because of the space the President of Madagascar serious dispute broke out, the country was on the brink of civil war, which could avoid only by the intervention of the Organization of African Unity.
As a result, the country's Supreme Court declared the winner of the elections, Marc Ravalomanana, Didier and his family were forced to leave Madagascar and emigrate to France. A investigation conducted revealed earmarked spending of about $ 8 million of public funds. During that Ratsiraka in 2003, was sentenced in absentia to 10 years hard labor.