Herbert George Wells span>
The founder of the science-fiction literature of the 20th century and the largest master of critical realism, HG Wells for his creative life, wrote some 40 novels and many volumes of short stories, dozens of essays on philosophical, sociological and historical issues with political and social expectations, a few books for Children and autobiography.
Herbert George Wells was born 21 September in 1866 in the London suburb of Bromley, the son of a shopkeeper. Since childhood, the boy addicted to reading. In 1888, Herbert graduated from the University of London, and three years later received the title of two scientists in biology (later — the doctor of biology), and became a professor of natural sciences in college. Then he began to write articles, and in 1893 he took up journalism professionally.
The first artwork was fantastic Wells novel "The Time Machine" (1895), by which he immediately gained popularity and worldwide recognition. This was followed by the book "The Island of Dr. Moreau" (1896), "The Invisible Man" (1897), "War of the Worlds" (1898), "The First Men in the Moon" (1901), "Food of the Gods" (1904) and others. These works have brought glory to the most significant writer of the experimenter in the genre of science fiction, showing his ability to make plausible the most audacious fiction.
Even in these novels Wells designated problem fate of human society in a world where technology and scientific development progressing very quickly. The writer advocated caution and gradualism in politics, science and public life. Many of his works, he devoted social critique, which states that the development of society in the framework of the bourgeois system will end the degeneration and destruction of mankind.
Been in the works of HG Wells and the cycle of love-psychological works on the subject of marriage, freedom of relations and equality between the sexes, of which the most famous are: "Love and Mr Lewisham" (1900), "Anna Veronica" (1909), "The New Machiavelli" (1911), "Marriage" (1912), "Passionate Friends" (1913 ), "In the recesses of the heart" (1922), "Speaking of Dolores" (1938).
As a writer, sociologist Wells life was true to the main topic and the problem of creativity: to persuade people to give everything a nice building future. He dreamed of creating a single world state "without kings, borders and nationalism" and admitted that the only book that claimed its essential idea is, "What are we doing with our lives?" (1931), and most important their work considered " work, wealth and happiness of the human race "(1932). However, for many years, the best-seller lists of the data of his works was the book "Outline of History" (1920).
Since the novel "On the Eve" (1927), the writer took an active anti-fascist stance. In his book "The Holy Terror" (1939), Wells described the psychological development of a modern dictator, illustrated careers , and . His latest book, "The mind is on the edge of the abyss" (1945) is full of pessimism about the future prospects of mankind.
The works of HG Wells translated into many languages ??of the world, in his novels supplied several films. Three times he was in Russia — in 1914, 1920 and 1934. His conversation with V.Lenin became known for his book "Russia in the Shadows" (1920). Almost all his life he lived in London, Wells, often lectured and traveled extensively, was married twice.
Died HG Wells 13 August in 1946 in London.