Stepan Apraxin

Spiridonov Apraxin
Spiridonov Apraxin born (July 30) on August 10 in 1702, was orphaned early and raised five years with relatives. Service began in the regiment at Peter soldier — Private Guards in the prestigious Preobrazhensky Regiment. Grew up in the service, at joined the Semenov regiment with the rank of second major. He took part in the capture of Ochakova in 1737.

Service Stepan Apraksina held successfully in 1739 for taking Khotina Major General Apraxin was granted the Order of St. Alexander Nevsky.

In 1740 — ies Apraxin began his diplomatic career, met a huge embassy Tahmas-Kuzia Khan, he served as ambassador to Persia. Then he was appointed vice-president of the Military Collegium and still growing up in rank.

However, in the history of Stepan Apraxin entered as an example of an inert commander miss the combat success. In the Seven Years' War Army Apraksina was East Prussia and after a major battle of Gross-Egersdorf could be forced to develop a powerful offensive tempo.

However, this did not happen: Apraxin camped and stayed for a week of inactivity. Apraxin then walked right flank of the Prussian general Lehwaldt who retreated from battle — but there is no occurrence has not developed, in fact — retreated to the Niemen. Struck by the enemy himself began the attack and chased off Apraksina to the border.

Historians explain the behavior of the field marshal that Apraxin from day to day, expecting the death of Empress and {accession person-734} Peter III {/ person}, which had the location of the Prussian King Frederick II. Old schemer Apraxin decided that in this case the development of the offensive would be inappropriate, and to some extent he was right — Peter III returned all the conquered lands of Prussia without indemnities.

According to another version, Apraxin was recalled from Bestuzhev Prussia to support a large affair: enthroned in place of Peter III, his son Paul Petrovich.

One way or another, but the command Apraksina was an example of the inertia of the commander at the time of a major military success and a symbol of the loss of a possible victory inactivity.

Regarding the death Apraksina there is a legend during the investigation regarding the intrigues in which Apraxin not confess, the judges said is to "apply the last resort," meaning his release and the finding of not guilty — but Apraxin understood correctly and collapsed of apoplexy ... It happened (6) 17 August in 1758.