Pietro Mascagni span>
Pietro Mascagni was born December 7 in 1863 in Livorno, the son of a baker, a great lover of music. Noticing his son musical ability, the father, not sparing scarce resources, teachers hired child — Emilio Bianchi, who prepared Pietro to enter the music Lyceum Cherubini.
In 13 years as a first-year student, Mascagni wrote Symphony in C minor and «Ave Maria», which were executed with great success.
Pietro Later he studied at the Milan Conservatory. After completing his studies at first worked as a conductor in various theaters. Fame came to him after the opera "Cavalleria Rusticana", a play written by Giovanni Verga. For the first time a play set in Rome in 1890 in the theater "Costanzi." This work was one of the first created in the art of opera direction verism. "Cavalleria Rusticana" won the stage theaters in Europe, Moscow and St. Petersburg.
Other famous operas by Mascagni also belong to the "Iris" (premiered in 1898 in Rome), "Parisina" (1913, Milan) and "Little Marat" (1921, Rome). Mascagni operas in addition to writing orchestral music, music for films and operettas.
In the period from 1895 to 1902 headed the years Mascagni Musical Lyceum Rossini in Pesaro. Later, in 1909, Mascagni was Kapellmeister at the Roman theater "Costanzi" (later the Royal Opera House).
The life of the composer completed in Rome August 2 1945 , is already in the middle of the 20th century, but his name remains belong to Italian opera classics of the late 19th century.