Salvador Allende

Salvador Allende Goossens
Salvador Allende was born Goossens July 26 in 1908 in Valparaiso (Chile), the family lawyer. In 1926, he entered the Medical Faculty of the University of Santiago. While a student, Allende took part in student protests against the dictatorship of President Ib??ez, he was arrested several times. After graduating in 1932, he returned to Valparaiso and worked in the profession. Then he became acquainted with the life of ordinary people.

Actively in political activities Allende joined in 1933, when he became one of the founders of the Socialist Party of Chile, and then was elected Deputy Secretary General and Secretary General of the party. In 1937, he was elected to the National Congress of the country, where he worked for eight years, is actively engaged in legislative activity, particularly in the area of ??social security and health care. In the years 1939-1942 he served as Minister of Health, and from 1945 — senator (also a vice-chairman and chairman of the Senate).

In the late 1940s, the socialist party in the country formed an alliance — Front "People's Action," which put forward Allende to the presidency in 1952, 1958 and 1964, but all to no avail. In 1969, this alliance was transformed into a block of "National Unity" — a broad coalition of left-wing forces that the main task of proclaiming the fight against monopolies and imperialist domination and the beginning of the construction of socialism in Chile.

A year later, "National Unity" El Salvador and put forward its own candidate in the presidential election. In September 1970, Allende became president of Chile and formed his government, which included representatives from all parts of the block.

government pursued an anti-imperialist policy aimed at strengthening the national sovereignty of Chile, the dismantling of monopolies and the weakening of the big bourgeoisie. Also, a number of socio-economic change — increased salaries of workers, adopted measures to combat unemployment, introduced free medical care, public enterprises have been set up with the participation of councils of workers and trade unions, etc.

Government accelerated the implementation of agrarian reform, which began the previous president, E.Frei, and a year later almost all the large private land holdings have been liquidated. There were also nationalized all natural resources, but in the course of the nationalization of private companies and banks emerged tensions with the United States, with North American companies that have invested heavily in copper smelting industry in Chile, have refused to accept compensation.

Radical changes and foreign policy of the country — have normalized relations with Cuba, Allende's government established diplomatic relations with the German Democratic Republic, Mongolia, Vietnam, and North Korea has strengthened cooperation with Colombia, Peru, Ecuador, Mexico. Significant development of political and economic relations with the USSR, Chile and other socialist countries.

Creating a state monopoly, El Salvador hoped to use them to get money for social programs, but the economic situation in the country deteriorated, inflation grew, and the nationalization of the disgruntled Western companies have announced an economic boycott of Chile. There was a conflict with the parliament president, who opposed the transfer of the economy under state control.

As a result, the dissatisfaction of many people Allende's rule resulted in mass demonstrations and strikes, and September 11, 1973 in the capital has been committed military coup, which was headed by Augusto Pinochet.

Despite all the political blunders, Salvador Allende came to world history and the history of Chile as a symbol of resistance to dictatorship and the struggle for the restoration of true democracy.

Allende was a member of the World Peace Council, as well as the owner of the International Lenin Prize "for peace between peoples." He is the author of the book "History belongs to us," a number of speeches and articles.

Salvador married. His wife — Hortensia Bussi, whom he married in 1940. They had three daughters: Carmen Beatriz and Isabel.

Salvador Allende was killed in a military coup September 11 in 1973 in Santiago (Chile). For a long time it was believed that he was killed during the assault on the presidential palace, but in 1991 a government commission announced that he had committed suicide before the assault.

Allende is a monument in front of the Palace "La Moneda" in Santiago, including his name is a street in Moscow.