Gabriel Lippmann

Gabriel Lippmann Jonas
Gabriel Lippmann Jonas was born on August 16 in 1845 in Luxembourg. Shortly after the birth of Gabriel Lippmann family moved to France. Quite early in Gabriele awakened an active interest in working with electrical phenomena.

After studying at the French Ecole Normale, Lippman continued his scientific studies. In 1873, the government has financed his trip to Germany to study methods of teaching science.

In 1908 Gabriel Lippmann won the Nobel Prize in physics for the creation of a method of photographic color reproduction based on the phenomenon of interference. This method has been named in his honor and Lippmann process was the fact that after the occurrence of a thicker material formed periodically arranged layers of blackening. When illuminated with white light interference is the selection of the wavelength of light, which has created an appropriate distribution of blackening.

However, now Lippman remember it is not for his discovery. The main field of his research field was electric. The young scientist was very interested in a demonstration experiment in which a drop of mercury, covered with sulfuric acid, was deformed with a light touch of the iron wire. From my own observations of this phenomenon Lippmann concluded that the two metals and acid form a battery, a charge which deforms and mercury. This seemingly obvious conclusion Lippmann based his theory of electrocapillary phenomena. Moreover, he found that the opening of the application. Using the properties of mercury, it has created a high-precision electrometer by which you can measure the voltage up to 0,001 V.

scientist died {day-7-July 12} 12 {/ day} in 1921 on board the steamer «La France», returning from a trip to Canada.

Lippmann also the author of the reversibility of the theorem, which states:" Knowing about the existence of certain physical phenomena, we can predict the existence and magnitude of the reverse effect. " Whatever that meant the practical application of this theorem are the hard drives, musical greeting cards and large format printers.