Pablo Neruda

Pablo Neruda
The Poetics of Neruda's deeply original, its fixed assets — unrhymed free verse, bouncy rhythm, associative imagery. Art of the poet has had a significant influence on the poetry of many countries.

Pablo Neruda (real name — Neftali Ricardo Peyes Basualto) was born on July 12 in 1904 in the town of Parral in central Chile in the family of a railroad employee.

gifted boy began to write poetry as early as 10 years. In 1920, his poems under the pseudonym of Pablo Neruda, was first published. A year later, the young poet enters the Pedagogical Institute in Santiago.

In 1923, Neruda publishes their own savings on his first book of poems — "Twilight." The collection was a success, allowing the young poet in the next year to release a lyric book "Twenty Poems of Love and a song of despair." That this book has brought great fame Pablo in Latin America.

In the years 1934-1937 Heruda working as a diplomat in Spain. Inspired by the anti-fascist struggle of the Spanish people, in 1937 he published a book of poems, "Spain in the heart».

In 1941-1944, Pablo Neruda was a Chilean consul in Mexico. It was here that he wrote two "Songs of Love Stalingrad." In 1945, Neruda was elected to the Senate of the Republic of Chile. Soon he joined the Communist Party of Chile, and was awarded the National Prize for Literature.

In disagreements with Chilean President Gonz?lez Videla Neruda was deprived of his mandate and charged with treason. The poet had to flee to Paris. While in exile, in 1948, he concludes, "Universal Song" — an epic about the fate of Latin America.

In the years 1949-1952 Heruda traveled extensively in Europe and Asia, participated in the peace movement, repeatedly visited the USSR. His work is modified in the direction of the lyrics and some of the grotesque, as in the book "Estravagario" (1958).

He was awarded the International Peace Prize (1950), the International Lenin Prize "for peace between nations" ( 1953), the Nobel Prize for Literature (1971).

In 1969, Neruda was nominated by the Communist Party of Chile for president, but withdrew his candidacy in favor of socialist Salvador Allende. Allende's victory in the elections in 1970, Neruda was appointed ambassador to France.

In 1972, Neruda returned to Chile. September 11 in 1973 as a result of military coup to power in Chile, General Augusto Pinochet arrives. Salvador Allende dies, many supporters of the Popular Unity were killed or arrested.

Pablo Neruda died September 23 in 1973 in the Santa Maria Clinic in Santiago.