Pavel Nakhimov

Pavel Stepanovich Nakhimov
Pavel Stepanovich Nakhimov was born (June 23) July 5 in 1802 in the village town of Smolensk province. His family had noble roots. Father Pavel Nakhimov was a retired major.

In 1815, the future admiral enters the Sea Cadet Corps in St. Petersburg. There, he was one of the best cadets. In 1817 one of the best cadets is navigating to the shores of Sweden and Denmark in the brig "Phoenix." In January 1818 he finished his studies, received the rank of warrant officer and begins with the Baltic Fleet.

In the years 1822-1825, Nakhimov makes circumnavigation on the frigate "Cruiser". In 1827, the first time he participated in the battle, commanding a battery on the ship "Azov" in the battle of Navarino against the Turkish fleet. For bravery in battle, Nakhimov receives the George Cross and the rank of lieutenant commander.

After returning to Kronstadt Pavel Nakhimov became the commander of the frigate "Pallada". Since 1834 he has served on the Black Sea Fleet, commanded the battleship "Silistra." Under his leadership, "Silitriya" was the best ship in the Black Sea Fleet.

At the commander's office Nakhimov remained a man of honor, a wise and just. His distinguished extremely respectful to the sailors. Like a good commander Nakhimov understood that it is simple sailors — the main force of the ship, and they determine the outcome of the battle. Like his teacher, Mikhail Petrovich Lazarev, Nakhimov instructed his officers moral elevation. On his ship had no corporal punishment, no humiliation, and instead of an external insubordination brought up the love for the motherland.

Grand Admiral Pavel Stepanovich Nakhimov died (on June 30) on July 12 in 1855, heroically defending Sevastopol. He knew for certain that the enemy forces exceed his own, and he knew about the desire to hand over command of the city and did not want to accept. In the last months of his life, he was the only officer in Sebastopol, who wore epaulettes — after shooting mostly in command. Nakhimov knew about the imminent defeat and did not want to see him. on July 10 in 1855, he was wounded in the head and died two days later without regaining consciousness.