Maria Sklodowska -Curie

Maria Sklodowska was born November 7 in 1867 in Warsaw. Sooner lost her mother and sister. After graduation, she worked as a governess for several years to allow his sister to get medical education in France. Mary then went to Paris and begins to study chemistry and physics there.

After graduation, Maria Sklodowska left teaching and became the first ever female professor at the Sorbonne. Here she meets her future husband and collaborator .

A couple engaged in research, and studied uranium. In the early 20th century Curie discover new substance — radium, then polonium, which was so named to commemorate the birthplace of Mary Poland. For his outstanding services to Marie and Pierre Curie won the Nobel Prize in Physics. These plans came the institution of radioactivity.

In 1906, Maria's husband died tragically, and the researcher herself continues a family affair for the Study of radium. In 1911, Marie Curie won the Nobel Prize in chemistry and became the first woman — twice winner of this prestigious award.

Shortly thereafter Curie became the director of department of basic research and medical applications of radioactivity in the Radium Institute (established by the University of Paris) .

During the First World War, Marie Curie on personal money provided hospitals with portable x-ray machines, trained military medical radiology. After the war, continued to work at the Radium Institute, has released several books.

Radiation Research ultimately adversely affected the health of Marie Curie. She died 4 July in 1934 from leukemia.