John Adams

John Adams
John Adams was born October 19 in 1735 in Braintree (now Quincy), located in the state of Massachusetts. After graduating in 1755 from Harvard University and having worked for some time teacher, he began to study law, and in 1758 was admitted to the practice of law.

Over time, Adams became one of the most famous lawyers of Boston. In 1770, after the so-called Boston Massacre, he risked reputation, undertook to defend the British soldiers accused of killing civilians, and won.

Adams Way in politics began with the radical wing "Patriots", but it remained a fan of the "old", the English, the constitution. He gained fame, has criticized the Stamp Act in articles published in Ā«BostongazetteĀ» and reprinted in London.

In 1774, Adams was elected to the Massachusetts National Congress, where he played a key role in the creation of the constitution State. Adams participated in the First and Second Continental Congress, in drafting the Declaration of Independence.

Adams became famous and in the diplomatic field. In the years 1777-1779 he was the U.S. ambassador to France, in 1780 — in the Netherlands. In 1783 he participated in the drafting of the Treaty of Paris, and in 1785 concluded at The Hague famous Prussian-American trade agreement. From 1785 to 1788 he served as ambassador to Great Britain. When he returned in 1788 to the United States, Adams led the Federalist Party began to change in the political system. In 1789, he was nine years became the first vice-president of the United States, showing himself in this role as a conservative politician.

The peak of his political career Adams began in 1797 — he was elected president of the United States. During his presidency marked by crises and conflicts, such as the case XYZ, the Law on Aliens and Sedition Acts (Adams did not support these measures), as well as opposition from supporters of Thomas Jefferson. Adams became the first host of alignment with him the White House had not yet bore this name.

In 1801, after leaving the presidency, Adams retired to rest, but went on to lead a lively correspondence on political subjects, including her chief opponent of Thomas Jefferson, who replaced him in the presidential chair.

Despite the invaluable contribution of John Adams in the formation of the United States, he is known for less than the other "founding fathers" States. By the way, Adams became the founder of not only the U.S., but the dynasty of politicians. His eldest son, John Quincy Adams in 1825, became the sixth president of the United States.

John Adams died in Quincy (MA) 4 July in 1826, exactly 50 years after the signing of the Declaration of Independence. His last words were, "Thomas Jefferson still lives." In fact, Jefferson, his chief political rival, died on the same day, a few hours earlier.