Gottfried Leibniz


Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz was born on July 1 in 1646 in the family of Professor Friedrich Leibniz University of Leipzig. His father, who died when he was only 8 years old, had a fine library, which is largely formed the child's interest in science and languages.

Young Leibniz taught himself Latin and Greek. He was educated at the universities of Leipzig and Jena. From a young age his erudition and oratorical talent attracted the attention and admiration of others cause. November 5 in 1666 at the University of Nuremberg young scientist has successfully defended his thesis for the degree of Doctor of Laws.

Gottfried Leibniz much ahead of his time. He has made significant contributions to the development of logic, mathematical analysis, and philosophy. His work in these areas, such as "A combinatorial art", "Discourse on Metaphysics" enjoyed and continue to enjoy the deserved attention of scientists. Leibnitz invented a calculating machine own design, which is much better than the Pascal adding machine performs multiplication, division and extraction of roots.

In 1697 Leibniz met with Peter, which at the time was traveling in Europe. Thanks to a fruitful dialogue with scientists, Russian tsar subsequently approved creation of the Academy of Sciences in St. Petersburg, which marked the beginning of the development of Russian science by the Western European model.

In 1700, Leibniz founded Berlin Academy of Sciences. He also became its first president. In addition, he was elected a foreign member of the Paris Academy of Sciences.

Gottfried Leibniz died Nov. 14 in 1716 in Hannover (Germany).