Abram Rohm span>
Abram was born Rohm (16) June 28 in 1894 in the city of Vilnius. On leaving school in 1914 he went to St. Petersburg, where he entered the Petrograd neuropsychiatric institute. In 1918, Abram was drafted into the Red Army and fought in the Civil War.
Then Rohm continued his education at the Medical Faculty of the University of Saratov, where he studied until 1922. In parallel studies, he worked in the Saratov department of arts instructor, was the rector of the Higher State theater arts workshops, as well as a director of the Indicative and the Children's Theatre.
In 1923, Rohm moved to Moscow, where he became the director of the Theater of the Revolution, and also a director and teacher of the Higher School of Education Central Executive Committee. In the following years he worked at various studios in the capital — has been the director of "State Cinema", "Sovkino", "Soyuzkino", in 1925-1934, he taught at the Institute of Cinematography.
As director Abram made his debut in 1924. His first work — a picture of "What does" Maus, "Guess this question," and his first feature film, "The Bay of Death" he took off in 1926. But this picture was coldly received by the authorities as too urgent and complex issues were raised in the film.
Real glory and fame brought director following his painting — "The Third philistine" (1927), which also reflected the theme of a man with his weaknesses and feelings. Today this film — the undisputed classic movie, which delights in more than one generation viewers.
At the end of the 1920s came a few more pictures Rooma — "Potholes", his first documentary about the Jews-colonists "The Jew and the earth "and one of the last silent films" Ghost, which is non-refundable. " In the last scene Rohm offered his provocative vision of the phenomenon of prison as a place of fundamental human rebirth.
Predictably, the director fell out of favor with the Soviet authorities. Even the first audio documentary Rooma "Plan of the great works" (1930), according to the authorities, was dedicated not an objective reflection of the impact of labor the main constructions of communism, and aesthetically admiring technical innovation. Especially interesting director to the inner, private world of the person, his love life and feelings smacked aesthetic sedition, which by the mid-1930s in the Soviet Union was unacceptable.
In the end, Rooma actually "exiled" in Kiev, where in 1936 he — directed the film studio "Ukrainfilm." There Abram made his cinematic another miracle — the movie "Strict boy." But it was banned as ideologically harmful. In the picture of guilt is imputed gap between reality and the ambiguity of the concept. The film was shelved on the screens of the country it will be released only after 30 years and will appear totally modern.
This pressure had an impact on the work of the director, and he is almost out of the cinema, and has been teaching in the first Kiev, and then in Moscow. Since 1940, Rohm — director of "Mosfilm". During this period, he shoots only officially approved cinema — a painting "No. 5 Squadron," "Invasion" (1945), "In the mountains of Yugoslavia" (1946), "Court of Honor" (1949) and others.
Thawed director in 1956, removing the melodrama "The heart is beating again." In 1960, he carried out a number of adaptations of classics: "Garnet Bracelet" by , «Late Flowers" by , «Premature man" by .
In addition to directing, Rohm was the artistic director of the movie "On the ruins" (1957) and "Case number 306" (1956), and starred as an actor in the film "Kiss of Mary Pickford" (1927). In some of his paintings, he acted as a screenwriter. In many movies Rooma starred his wife, actress Olga Zhizneva.
Prominent Soviet film director Abram Room began in the 1920s, the first generation of filmmakers. Art Rooma different acute sense of modernity, the discussion of the moral problems of interpretation. The main thing in his paintings — a man with his feelings and inner world, as well as psychology, attention to the environment and the atmosphere of the action.
People's Artist of Russia, Honored Artist of the RSFSR, winner of two Stalin Prizes Abram was awarded the Order October Revolution, as well as other orders and medals.
Died Abram Rohm 26 July in 1976 in Moscow and was buried in the cemetery Vvedenskoye.