James Clerk Maxwell, a British physicist, was born on June 13 in 1831. He studied at the Universities of Edinburgh and Cambridge. From 1856 to 1860 years was a professor at Aberdeen College "Marischal", and from 1860 to 1865 — Professor, University of London. In 1871, Maxwell became a professor at Cambridge University, where he created the famous Cavendish Laboratory — the first in Britain specially equipped physics laboratory.
Maxwell — one of the founders of statistical mechanics and classical electrodynamics, a member of the Royal Society of London.
His first scientific work appeared when he was a student at the school — he came up with an original way of drawing the oval shape (the work "On the drafting of ovals and ovals with many tricks"). The main research interests were in Maxwell — electromagnetism, the kinetic theory of gases, the theory of elasticity, optics.
Most popular Maxwell brought his theory of electromagnetism, which has become a classic of modern physics. It was expressed in the form of equations and scientific and educational circles is called "Maxwell's equations».
In addition to all this, Maxwell was the author of the following inventions and achievements. He invented the spinning top on which surface coated with different layers of paint — the rotation of the top formed the most interesting combinations of colors: red and yellow give orange, blue and yellow — green and all the colors of the spectrum formed by mixing white. There is another interesting fact — Maxwell is credited with creating the world's first color photograph.
died James Clerk Maxwell November 5 in 1879 in Cambridge.