Sergei Gerasimov Apollinarievich span>
Apollinarievich Sergei Gerasimov was born (May 21) June 3 in 1906. He graduated from the Drama department of the Leningrad Institute of Performing Arts in 1928. Work in film began as a student, as an actor workshop Factories eccentric actor.
In future, leaving acting, Gerasimov was more concerned with directing, in many of his films and acting as a screenwriter. An important place in the creative biography of Sergei with teaching, he directed the acting workshop at the studio "Lenfilm».
Gerasimov's directorial debut was the film "Twenty-two misfortunes" in 1930, then a few more films. Since the early works of young directors designated interest in the problems of contemporary morality, life and private life of Soviet youth. In pedagogical practice in education and in the Screen Actors work as a director Sergei Gerasimov looking for their own way to the cinema.
Expertise Gerasimov as a director for the first time to fully apparent in the film "Seven Brave" (1936), "Komsomolsk "(1938) and" Teacher "(1939). It was determined directorial handwriting Gerasimov — the ease and reliability, lively and charming characters, combined with the heroic and romantic mood of the 1930s.
During the Great Patriotic War Gerasimov was shooting scenes for "Martial kinosbornikov" put the films "Invincible" and "Big Winter". At the same time, he headed the Central Documentary Film Studio, where he created the "Liberated China", "New Beijing", etc.
In 1944, Gerasimov returned to teaching, he directs the joint director and acting workshop at the Institute of Cinematography. With his students, he directed the film "The Young Guard" (1949). Vivid images of the Young, the patriotic atmosphere of struggle against fascism made the film one of the greatest works of cinema of the time.
Gerasimov much fruitful work. A major event in his biography of the film "The Quiet Don" (1958) — one of the most important works of the Soviet cinema. In the 1960s, according to its own original scripts he created the movie "Men and beasts", "journalist", "At the Lake", etc.
In subsequent years, the director turned to the production of more historical films — shot series "Red and Black" based on the novel by Stendhal, dilogy "Youth of Peter" and "In the beginning of the glorious deeds" based on the novel by A. Tolstoy. Original result was the creative director of the film "Leo Tolstoy" (1984) about the last days of the great writer.
Creative activity director, actor and screenwriter Gerasimov combines with drama — he is the author of plays, "Master" and "Our Time" and pedagogical work VGIK, where since 1946 — he is a professor. Among his pupils: , , , Nikolay Rybnikov, ... Next to him was always loyal ally and a loving wife, .
Gerasimov — the author or co-writer of all his films, many of them became winners of prestigious international film festivals. As a director, realistic style, he continued the tradition of classical Russian literature, paying attention to the texture of psychology and acting work, acted as a theorist of cinema.
It — People's Artist of the USSR, laureate of many state awards, awarded various orders and medals, member of the Academy of Pedagogical Sciences of the USSR, Doctor of Arts, member of the Writers' Union, the Secretary of the Union of Cinematographers of the USSR.
Died Apollinarievich Sergei Gerasimov November 26 (according to other sources November 28) in 1985 in Moscow and was buried at the Novodevichy Cemetery. In 1986 he was named VGIK SA Gerasimova, brought up in the institute galaxy of the great masters of cinema.