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Leonid Leonov was born Maksimovic (19) May 31 in 1899 in Moscow, the son of the poet. He studied at the Moscow school and high school.
During the Civil War, fought on the side of the Red Army, fought on the southern front and worked in the military press. In 1921, the writer came to Moscow from the front. His poems, short stories and satires were printed.
Leonova first stories were "Buryga", "Petushihinsky break", "The End of the small man." In 1924 he published the novel "Badgers", which is very much appreciated and . And in 1929, saw the light of work "Sot".
In 1930 Leonov actively print, the novel "Skutarevsky", "Road to the Ocean", a play "The Wolf" and other works.
During World War II Leonov wrote several plays ("Invasion", "Lenushka") and articles. Subsequently, in 1949, articles and literary performances of the war years were released in the book "In our years." He is also the author of this tale, "The Flight of Mr. McKinley" (1961, filmed 1975) and the memoir "Literature and Life».
In 1953 he published the most famous and popular novel by Leonid Leonov "Russian forest" recognized as a real event in the national literary life.
Since 1972, the author was a member of the Academy of Sciences of the Soviet Union. He was also an active social worker — he was a deputy of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR 2-8 Legislature (1946-1970), deputy of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR (1989-1991), was deputy chairman of the Russian Society of gardening, a member of the editorial board of the journal "Roman-gazeta" and the editorial board of the journal "Science and Life».
Honored Artist of the RSFSR, the Hero of Socialist Labor — Leonov was awarded the Stalin Prize, first degree, the Lenin Prize and the State Prize of the USSR, Leo Award Tolstoy and awarded six Orders of Lenin, two Orders of the October Revolution, two Orders of the Patriotic War I, and two Orders of the Red Banner.
August 8 1994 Leonid Maksimovic Leonov, died in Moscow, was buried in the Novodevichy Cemetery.