Anatoly Efros span>
Efros during the life of a legend of Russian theater. His performances impressed by its originality and uniqueness, and the name became an integral part of the history of theater, along with his best representatives — , , ...
Anatoly Efros (Nathan Isaevich) was born July 3 in 1925 in Kharkiv. From childhood he was interested in the theater, read a lot about and its performances. In 1944 he joined the faculty of directing GITISa (N. Petrov and M.Knebel course).
His first performances staged in the Ryazan Efros theater, and in 1954 he became the director of the Central Children's Theatre, which, when Anatoly ceased to be a purely childish and turned into an interesting capital theater. Efros 14 performances staged there, sharp and modern in form and in content, had a great success: "Good luck," "Finding Joy," "Unequal battle", "My friend, Kolya," and others.
After Efros made popular CDT, in 1963, he was appointed chief director of the theater im.Leninskogo Komsomol, and to revive it. Troupe were actors whose names were immediately known to all Moscow: , , , , A. Shirvindt, Yu Kolychev, A. Yakovlev and others.
Here he staged several performances that have made him one of the best directors of the country, "the day of the wedding," Rozov, "Making a Movie" and "104 pages of love" Radzinsky. The widespread popularity brought him staging the classics: "The Seagull" by Chekhov and "Moliere" by Bulgakov.
Efros avoids political games, considering the policy unworthy of the theater, which is not quite in the spirit, and plant in the Soviet theater of the time, and soon he was removed from the leadership Lenkoma. Together with a group of actors in 1967, he moved to the Theater on Malaya Bronnaya taking place there the director.
Over the next 17 years Efros staged over 20 productions, including — "Three Sisters" by Chekhov, "Romeo and Juliet" and "Othello" by Shakespeare, "Don Juan" by Moliere, "The Marriage" by Gogol , "A Month in the Country" Turgenev. Efros, mainly addressed to the classics, trying to avoid the Soviet themes, although there were performances by contemporary plays, "Happy Days unhappy man", "Tales of Old Arbat", "Man on the part of," "The Impresario" and others.
Efros and staged performances in other theaters of Moscow, as well as abroad. Great response evoked his directorial work in the movie "Leap Year," "Two in the wilderness," "On Thursday and Never Again" and others, as well as a number of dramas — "Islands in the ocean", "Tartuffe", "Romeo and Juliet" Still ... he wrote a lot, worked on the radio and taught at GITIS. Efros — author of books and articles on theater arts.
In 1984, Efros was appointed chief director of the Moscow Theater of Drama and Comedy on Taganka will replace forced to emigrate in 1987 Anatoly Efros, died of a heart attack, was buried in the cemetery in Moscow Kuntsevsky.