Jawaharlal Nehru

Jawaharlal Nehru and his daughter Indira Gandhi
Jawaharlal Nehru was born on November 14 in 1889 in Allahabad in a family party leader. Jawaharlal name means "precious ruby." The boy was in an English school in Harrow and earned a law degree at Cambridge.

After university, Jawaharlal returned home and began working in the law office of his father. At the same time the youth are actively involved in the struggle for India's independence, based on the views of Mahatma Gandhi. They were based on non-violent methods of dealing with the colonists, such as the boycott of goods. Nehru was arrested many times and has been in prison in the amount of more than 10 years.

In 1927, Nehru became the chairman of the Party Congress. Then, in 1946 — Deputy Prime Minister of the Interim Government of India and after independence he headed the government and was appointed minister of foreign affairs and defense.

In domestic policy, Nehru was equal to the socialist countries, is dedicated to strengthening public sector the economy, the state established a monopoly in the field of arms and energy.

In foreign policy, Nehru adopted the principles of neutrality in the military-political blocs, however, did not stop the dispute with China over the territory of Tibet. However, when the Americans offered to help in resolving this conflict, Nehru, maintaining neutrality, rejected it.

Also, he did not take the side of the USSR, although it did not give up economic support from the Union. The five principles of peaceful coexistence, Nehru formulated in 1954, formed the basis for later Non-Aligned Movement.

Jawaharlal Nehru died May 27 in 1964 in New Delhi.