Ilya Mikhailovich Lifshitz was born on January 13 in 1917 in Kharkiv. In 1936, he graduated from Kharkov University, and two years later — the Kharkov Polytechnic Institute. In the period from 1937 to 1968, he worked at the Kharkov Institute of Physics and Technology and at the same time in 1944, he headed the department of Kharkov University.
His works are in solid state physics, the general theory of condensed matter. Lifschitz performed pioneering work in the study of the behavior of electrons in disordered systems.
In 1948 he developed the theory of the twinning process. Established a link between the observed properties of the metal and the geometry and topology of the surface , creating a new trend in metal physics, called fermiology.
Many studies have focused on the physical kinetics Lifshitz. He found the kinetics of the superconducting state of a magnetic field and the current, first follow the kinetics of phase transitions of type II and the kinetics of metal transition from the superconducting to the normal state by a magnetic field. Lifshitz is also one of the founders of modern dynamic theory of solids and physics of quantum crystals.
Ilya Mikhailovich Lifshitz died October 23 in 1982.