Edward Lewis was born May 20 in 1918 in Pennsylvania, the small town of Wilkes-Barre, in the same graduated from high school. His research in the field of genetics Lewis started as a student of the University of Minnesota. The first object of his study was to fly Drosophila melanogaster. In 1942, after defending his dissertation at the California Institute of Technology, Lewis was awarded the degree of Doctor of Philosophy.
During the Second World War, Lewis served as a meteorologist in the Air Forces of the United States. After graduation Lewis devoted himself to the research and teaching activities. In 1956, he became Professor of Biology. Among his many awards are the Thomas Hunt Morgan Medal, International Award Foundation Gerdnera, Wolf Foundation Prize for achievements in the field of medicine, the U.S. National Medal for scientific achievement, and many others.
Along with Christiane Nyuslyayn-Volhard and Eric Vishausom received the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 1995 "for their discoveries concerning the genetic control of early embryonic development».
His work in the field of genetics and development were the basis for the new field of genetics, developmental and determined the current understanding of the universal evolutionary fixed rules which control the development of animals. His key work in the field of genetics affecting the study of developmental biology, radiation and cancer, set out in his book "Genes, Development and Cancer", which was published in 2004.
Edward Lewis died July 21 in 2004 in Pennsylvania (USA).