Eduard Buchner

Eduard Buchner
Eduard Buchner was born May 20 in 1860 in Munich, the son of a professor of forensic medicine and gynecology, University of Munich. Edward was engaged in the formation of first his father and then after his death in 1872 — his elder brother Hans.

In 1877, he graduated from the Buchner real school in Munich, and then for a short time served as a field artillery unit in the German army. After that, he entered the Technical University of Munich, where he studied chemistry. Beginning of the financial difficulties forced him to drop out.

next four years he worked in canneries in Munich and Mombahe. These years were not in vain: during operation Buchner acquainted with the process of alcoholic fermentation, in which sugars by the action of yeast breaks down into alcohol and carbon dioxide.

In 1884, with the support of his brother Edward resumes studies at the university. He studied chemistry under Adolf von Baeyer at the University of Munich and botanist Carl von Naegeli at the Institute of Botany. In 1888, Edward received his doctorate. In 1890, he became an assistant Bayer. On private donations made by Bayer, Buchner founded a small laboratory, where he continued his research on the chemistry of fermentation.

In 1897 he published his paper "On the alcoholic fermentation without yeast cells." It has caused controversy among his fellow scientists. As a result, Buchner spent a lot of time gathering facts to support his theory.

In 1907, Eduard Buchner was awarded the Nobel Prize in Chemistry ", for his research work on biological chemistry and the discovery of the extracellular fermentation┬╗.

Eduard Buchner in World War, he served in the rank of major in a field hospital in Romania. He was wounded on August 3 in 1917 and died of those wounds 13 August at the age of 57 years.