Lev Kuleshov

Lev Kuleshov and his wife, actress Alexandra Khokhlova on the porch of Cinematography
Lev Kuleshov was born (1) on January 13 in 1899 in Tambov. In 1916, he began working in film as a set designer and assistant director.

Kuleshov interested in the specifics of cinema as an art, and studied American cinema. During the Civil War in 1918-1920 led the filming of the documentary film on the fronts. In 1919 he created a training workshop in Goskinoshkole, where studied , B. Barnett, A. Khokhlov, S. Komarov. In fact it was not a school, and an experimental workshop, where teachers and students work together to find new approaches to the art of cinema, technology, filming and editing movies.

Kuleshov first raised the question about the meaning of installation and its possibilities in the construction stage . He determined that the perception of the scene in the frame depends on what is shown on the adjacent frames. At the same time he is trying to separate the film from the theater, to create a new art form with its inherent new features. He played for a professional approach to the film, and based on his experience, he wrote the book "Fundamentals of Film Directing," which served as a guide for many Soviet and foreign directors.

Kuleshov shot 13 films, including "The Extraordinary Adventures of Mr. West in the land of the Bolsheviks" (1924), "Under the law" (1926), based on the story by Jack London "Unexpected", "Great comforter" (1933), based on the biography of O. Henry.

In 1939 Lev Kuleshov directed directing workshop at the Institute of Cinematography. He was awarded the Order of Lenin and the Red Banner of Labor.

died Lev Kuleshov 29 March in 1970 in Moscow.