Florence Nightingale was born May 12 in 1820 in Florence. After a visit in 1849 by the Institute of deaconesses in the German city Kaiserswerth, Florence decided to become a nurse.
In 1853, she led a small hospital in London. She participated in the Crimean War in 1854, working in field hospitals nurse. In 1856, the own funds established in the Crimea on the mountain above Balaklava cross made of white marble in memory of those who died in the Crimean War. She took a great interest in the reorganization of the military medical service in England.
In 1858, published her book "Notes on the factors that influence the health, performance and management of hospitals British Army", and in 1860 — "How to care for the sick." In 1883, Nightingale was awarded the Royal Red Cross, and in 1907 — "Order of Merit».
In 1912, the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies has established its name medal "For the true compassion and concern for humans, causing admiration of all mankind. " This award is the most honorable for nurses anywhere in the world. May 12 birthday of Florence, the whole world celebrates International Day of nurse.
Died the great humanist on August 13, 1910 London at the age of 90 years.