Edward Victor Appleton span>
Edward Victor Appleton was born Sept. 6 in 1892 in Bradford (Yorkshire, UK). He began studying at St John's College, Cambridge, but the First World War interrupted his studies. The young man went to the front and served in the Signal Corps. After returning back to Cambridge, devoting himself to the study of radio physics.
early youth was recognized as a serious scientist. Since 1920, Appleton served as assistant demonstrator in physics at the Cavendish Laboratory, and then got a junior lecturer at Trinity College. A very young man, aged thirty-two years, Appleton was appointed professor at London University, and in 1936 — and Cambridge.
Research Appleton concerned propagation and attenuation of radio waves and the ionosphere, the existence of which is predicted by other scientists. Appleton unable to access the ionosphere with the British physicist M.Barnettom exploring the reflection of radio waves in the atmosphere.
In the ionosphere Appleton opened the top layer that reflects radio waves, which brought the creation of radar. This layer was named after the scientist (F-layer, or Appleton layer), and for this discovery, as well as for a whole range of studies on the upper layers of the atmosphere, in 1947 he received the Nobel Prize.
Appleton he worked in the Ministry of Scientific Research UK, including during the Second World War, in 1949 he became rector of the University of Edinburgh. He was a member of the Royal Society of London, has won various awards, prizes M.Libmana, medals M.Faradeya, and was knighted.
died Edward Victor Appleton April 21 in 1965 in Edinburgh.