Vasily Golitsyn

Vasily Golitsyn
Golitsyn was undoubtedly an outstanding and best man of his time. He clearly understood the basic task of the century — a close encounter with the West. He patronized foreigners sympathized with the formation of Russian youth, wanted to liberate the peasants from serfdom, the nobles sent overseas to military school, to get permanent embassy in the European courts to grant religious freedom. Unlike Golitsyn from Peter — the sympathy of the Western Catholic culture, while Peter was a supporter of Protestant Europe.

Vasily Golitsyn, a favorite of the princess , sister 573 Peter, was born in 1643 (exact date unknown). Younger years spent at the court of King circle Alexis in the ranks of steward, Chashniki sovereign's charioteer and the chief steward. In 1676, already in the rank of Boyar, Golitsyn was sent to Little Russia, to take measures for the preservation of Ukraine from the raids of Crimean and Turkish, and participated in the famous Chigiryanskih campaigns.

Direct acquaintance with military affairs Golitsyn put face to face with the shortcomings of the then organization of Russian troops. He was convinced that the root of the evil lies in regionalism, and returned to Moscow, was able to hold its destruction.

The role of the first person in the state during the seven-year reign of Sophia (1682 — 1689) Golitsyn, in addition to personal gifts, had still his closeness to the ruler, who passionately loved him.

foreign policy marked by its conclusion in 1686 of "eternal peace" with Poland. In this world of Kiev, which Russia had hitherto only actually passed to her and de jure. The obligation of the Polish government does not oppress its Orthodox subjects created the basis for the subsequent intervention of Russia in the internal affairs of Poland.

The Fall of Sophia led to disgrace themselves and Golitsyn. He was deprived of the nobility, all property and his family was sent into exile, where he died 21 April in 1714.