Rollo May span>
In his works, Rollo May scrutinized by the basic problems of human existence: good and evil, freedom, responsibility and destiny, creativity, guilt and anxiety, love and violence ...
Rollo Reese May was born April 21 in 1909 in Ada, Ohio. His parents were uneducated and not much care about the education of children. After school, the young man went to the University of Michigan. Being by nature a rebel, he soon finds himself in the wording of the radical student magazine. After a short period of time becomes its leader. But as a result of misunderstanding on the part of the university administration, Rollo transferred to Oberlin College in Ohio. In 1930, he received a Bachelor of Arts degree.
After graduation Mae has traveled extensively throughout Eastern and Southern Europe. Paints, exploring folk art. As a freelance artist he had visited in Turkey, Poland, Austria and other countries. However, the second year of wandering bored May.
Mei returned home and entered the Theological Seminary of the University. Here he is trying to find answers to basic questions about nature and man, the questions in the decision of which religion plays an important role. During his studies, Mei met the famous theologian and philosopher Paul Tillich, who have fled from Nazi Germany and pursue an academic career in America. Mei learned a lot from Tillich. Their friendship lasted for more than thirty years.
At the end of May seminary was ordained a priest of the Congregational church. Within two years, Mei served as pastor. However, he quickly became disillusioned — and the path was a dead end. May not able to find answers to the questions plaguing him.
he begins to search for answers in psychoanalysis. May studied psychoanalysis at the Institute of Psychiatry, Psychoanalysis and Psychology Alen?on William White. Perhaps he would not have stood out among practicing professionals in his time, if not an epiphany that happened to him when he was ill at the time the heaviest disease — tuberculosis.
In my own experience, he discovers that the cure is not passive, but an active process. Man hit by a physical or mental illness, should be an active participant in the therapeutic process. Finally convinced by his own experience, he began to implement this principle in their practices, educating patients the ability to analyze and correct the actions themselves a doctor.
doctoral dissertation, "The value of alarm" (1950) was the beginning. This first major publication was followed by a lot of books that brought him national and then international fame. His most famous book — "Love and Freedom" (1969) became a best seller and the following year was awarded the . And in 1972, the New York Society of Clinical Psychologists Mai Prize awarded Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. for his book "The Power and innocence».
Also Mae was an active teaching and clinical work. He has lectured at Harvard and Princeton, at various times taught at Yale and Columbia universities, colleges, Dartmouth, Vassar and Oberlin, at the New School for Social Research in New York. He was a visiting professor at New York University and chairman of the Association of Existential Psychology and a member of the Board of Trustees of the American Foundation for Mental Health.
Mei believed that a therapist who focuses only on the symptoms, lose sight of something more important. He was firmly convinced that psychotherapy should primarily help people feel their existence, and claimed that "the goal of therapy — to make men free." "I think — he wrote — that the work of the therapist should be to help people to gain freedom for the realization and implementation of its capabilities».
Died Rollo May October 22 in 1994 after a long illness in Tiburon (California, USA), where he has lived since the mid seventies.