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Yasunari Kawabata was born in Osaka on June 11 in 1899, in an educated and wealthy family.
His father, a doctor, died when Yasunari was 2 years old. A year later, after the death of his mother, the boy was taken to the education of his grandfather and grandmother on the maternal side. At age 12, Kawabata decided to become a writer — his autobiography published in 1925 under the name of "The Diary of sixteen».
In Tokyo school, he studied European culture, is fond of Scandinavian literature, met with the works of artists such as , , and .
The first literary success he has brought the story "of the Izu Dancer" (1925). The two main characters, autobiographical hero and heroine of an innocent girl, go through all the work of the writer.
In the book "Birds and Animals" (1933) describes the bachelor who refuses to communicate with people and finds peace among the animals, cherishing the memory of a girl he loved in his youth. In 1934 the writer began work on "Snow Country", the story of the relationship of Tokyo's Progress, middle-aged and overgrown village geisha. Kawabata long worked on the novel: the first version appeared in print in 1937, and last only ten years.
Story "Tysyachekryly Crane" is best known in the West, along with the "groans of the mountain" (1954) . Story of "Lake" (1954) describes the erotic obsession, it uses the method of "stream of consciousness". In the "House of Sleeping Beauty" (1961), he tries to find the meaning of life, forever.
In 1931, Kawabata Hideki married and lives with his wife in the ancient capital of Japan, samurai, in g.Kamakura, north of Tokyo, where they had a daughter.
In 1960, with the support of the U.S. State Department Kawabata toured in several American universities, where seminars on Japanese literature. In 1968, Kawabata won the Nobel Prize for Literature "for his creative writing, which captures the essence of the Japanese mind." He was the first Japanese writer to receive the Nobel Prize.
on April 16 1972 Kawabata committed suicide — he gassed at home in Zushi. This act shocked the whole of Japan, all the literary world. The reasons are still unclear.