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Rudolf Franz Ferdinand Hoess, commandant of Auschwitz concentration camp, was born November 25 in 1900 in Baden-Baden in a Catholic family. His father wanted his son to become a Catholic priest.
But as a teenager in 1916, Hess volunteered to the fronts of World War II, fought on the Turkish front. Was wounded several times and was awarded the Iron Cross I and II degree. After the war, joined the "Volunteer Corps". In 1923, along with Martin Bormann, Hess was arrested for the murder of Walter Kadova, whom the Nazis accused that he had provided to the French occupation authorities Albert Leo Schlageter.
In 1928, after his release under an amnesty, joined the SS. In 1934 he was sent to Dachau protection. In 1940, with the rank of SS Hauptsturmfuehrer became commandant of Auschwitz. July 27, 1941 during an inspection tour visited Auschwitz Reichsf?hrer-SS Heinrich Himmler ordered the camp to expand.
Later, Auschwitz was the largest of the Nazi concentration camps. Together with his deputy Hess Fritzsche supervised tests on prisoners of gas "Zyklon B". During his leadership Hess Auschwitz in his own testimony in the camp were killed in the gas chambers of more than 2.5 million people.
Auschwitz — remember not to povtorilosV January 1945, prisoners of Auschwitz survivors, were freed by Soviet troops, and Hess fled, hiding under the name of "Boatswain Fritz Lang" in Schleswig-Holstein. March 11, 1946 was arrested by British military police on a farm near Flensburg.
As the witness spoke on International Nuremberg. May 23, 1946 Hess was given to the Polish authorities. In March 1947, held in Warsaw on the case Hess. Polish Supreme People's Court sentenced him to death by hanging.
The gallows on which was hung Rudolf Hess on April 16 in 1947, was installed at the entrance to the main Auschwitz crematorium.
In 1977 in Germany, the film was shot on Hesse's "Out of one German life» (Aus einem deutschen Leben). Sam Hess wrote the autobiographical notes, "The commandant of Auschwitz».